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BIZEN
KO-BIZEN TOMONARI School- Mid-HEIAN


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________
SANENARI EI-EN 987                  Note: See KO-BIZEN technicals
   |________________________               for appraisal overview
___|____   - brothers -  ___|____
TOMONARI SHO-RYAKU 990   SUKENARI EI-EN 987
   |                     ___|____
   |                     TOMOYASU KAN-KO 1004
   |___________ ______________ 
___|____     __|_____      ___|____ 
TOMONARI     MUNEYASU      SUKETOMO KAN-KO 1004  
KAN-JI 1087  KAN-KO 1004   ___|____ 
                           SUKEHIDE CHO-RYAKU 1037
                           ___|_____
                           SUKECHIKA KO-HEI 1058

SUKENARI EI-EN (br: TOMONARI):

TOMOYASU KAN-KO (f: SUKENARI): BIZEN-no-KUNI TOMOYASU

TOMONARI SHO-RYAKU (f: SANENARI): Born: TEN-RYAKU 6 (952). Made 
           Mid HEIAN SUGATA. A signed piece in the YAMASHIRO 
           tradition could be found. SUGU KO-MIDARE HA to SUGU 
           GUNOME CHOJI KO-MIDARE BA in KO-NIE has KINSUJI. Look 
           for NIJUBA. See following page for late HEIAN TOMONARI 
           of NIN-PYO 1151.

MUNEYASU KAN-KO (f: TOMONARI): Work to MAN-JU 1044. MOKUME with 
           MASAME. KO-NIE SUGUHA and KO-MIDARE CHOJI BA with ASHI.

SUKEHIDE CHO-RYAKU (f: TOMONARI): Work to JI-RYAKU 1065. CHOJI-
        MIDARE BA.

SUKECHIKA KO-HEI (f: SUKEHIDE): TOMONARI line. To JI-RYAKU 1065. 
           MOKUME HADA. NIOI KO-MIDARE BA and KO-CHOJI BA.

KO-BIZEN TOMONARI of NIN-PYO 1151

________                      Note: See KO-BIZEN technicals
TOMONARI NIN-PYO 1151                for appraisal overview
   |______________________ ______________
___|____               ___|____       ___|____
TOMONARI KA-TEI 1235   MUNEYASU       SUKETOMO SHO-GEN 1207
___|____               KA-TEI 1235    ________               
TOMONARI BUN-EI 1264                  TOMOMURA KEN-RYAKU 1211 
________________                      ________                
OSAFUNE TOMONARI KEM-MU 1334          YUKIHIDE TEM-PUKU 1233  
                                      ___|_____               
                                      YUKITSUNE KAN-GEN 1243  
                                       
TOMONARI NIN-PYO: Classic writing tells us EI-EN TOMONARI and
        MASATSUNE are the founding fathers and originators of
        KO-BIZEN. Study of present swords allows a time spread 
        for TOMONARI between KAN-JI 1087 and NIN-PYO 1151 with 
        the SUGATA style of late HEIAN to early KAMAKURA. A 
        profusion of pieces appear and are similarly marked 
with an unusually large, broad stroked, long MEI.
Small differences have provided speculation that
several TOMONARI smiths worked at this time. However,
signatures were not the refined product that became
popular later and an appraiser should always look to
the work for the hand of the master.          TOMONARI: Late HEIAN KO-KISSAKI, KOSHIZORI, strong          FUNBARI TACHI where the upper straightens. KO-BIZEN is          known for robustly healthy steel. JI-NIE veils
standing KO-ITAME HADA that shows CHIKEI under faint
and varying UTSURI.  MU-MEI: TOMONARI has O-HADA and will seem lighter as his
thinner YAKIBA leaves less contrast than MASATSUNE's
dark JI against a wider and ASAKI-NOTARE undulation.         TOMONARI has an even height to his YAKIBA which is          comparatively more narrow. It will not have the
rolling undulation of height that is associated to
MASATSUNE.         TOMONARI BOSHI: Thin SUGU or MIDARE that varies
slightly. MASATSUNE is CHU-SUGUHA with a low and
centered KO-MARU.         TOMONARI has a fairly even HOSO-SUGU width of small          KO-GUNOME/KO-CHOJI MIDARE BA mix. NIOI-FUKASHI floods         the many KO-ASHI that fall and cut from a HABUCHI that         is generally active in all areas. SUNAGASHI and bright         KINSUJI many seem to increase in the lower. TOMONARI          is famous for NIJUBA effects. Figures may be HAKIKAKE,         especially in the lower. BOSHI will be HOSO-width,          rising toward the SAKI for a small KO-MARU or pointed         KO-MARU; - some may be YAKIZUME (without turnback). He         made BO-HI and thin SU-KEN. NAKAGO will have the HA          side of the JIRI raised slightly. Signatures seen:   MEI: TOMONARI SAKU              BIZEN-no-KUNI TOMONARI       BIZEN-no-KUNI TOMONARI TSUKURU



Tomonari - Kokuho

KOKUHO TOMONARI                                    National Treasure
NAGASA: 2 SHAKU 6.5 SUN
SORI: 8 BU 
NAKAGO: 6 SUN
MOTO-HABA: 8.4 BU
SAKI-HABA: 5.5 BU

SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE, narrow KOSHIZORI TACHI. The upper straightens to the small and somewhat elongated KO-KISSAKI, which sits high up on this long and evenly closing late-HEIAN FUNBARI SUGATA. A wide BO-HI occupies the whole of the SHINOGI-JI from the KO-SHINOGI to the MACHI, where a thin 2.6 SUN SU-KEN HORIMONO slips like a pier into the BO-HI well. 

CHIKEI wrestles standing KO-ITAME under JI-NIE and NIE-UTSURI. 

YAKIBA: The NIOI HABUCHI is Fukashi while SUNAGASHI sweeps a vague NIJUBA through its crowded KO-GUNOME. KINSUJI carves brightly as drifts of KO-NIE and NIOI HOTSURE are pulled into the JI. Stands of defined CHOJI become almost DAI-BO in the mid but UTSURI joins HAKIKAKE to brush a soft fog to the lower. 

A NIJU ghost walks the smooth BOSHI to KO-MARU with slight KAERI. 

The UBU NAKAGO has three multiple-cut MEKUGI-ANA and his six character MEI: 
                          BIZEN-no-KUNI TOMONARI TSUKURU








































Go Uguisu-Maru
"The Nightingale" Tomonari
ko-bizen go uguisumaru tomonari tachi
Go Uguisu-Maru Tomonari
Nagasa: 81.8cm
Sori: 2.7cm


Held by Ogasawara family until given to Emperor Meiji.
Shinogi-tsukuri, Ihori-mune Heian Tachi.
Itame Hada with thick JiNie has Midare-Utsuri.
Sugu Ko-Midare with Ashi and Yo. The line becomes Notare in the upper.
Ubu, Haagari, one Mekugi-ana.
Signed:

           Bizen-no-Kuni Tomonari


KO-BIZEN TOMONARI School
SUKETOMO SHO-GEN (f: TOMONARI): MOKUME HADA with MASAME. SUGUHA,
        KO-MIDARE BA and KO-CHOJI MIDARE with ASHI in KO-NIE.

TOMOMURA KEN-RYAKU: To KEN-CHO 1249. KO-MIDARE of KO-CHOJI BA in
        NIE.  






































KOKUHO TOMONARI
ko-bizen tomonari tachi
KOKUHO TOMONARI

NAGASA: 79.4cm 
SORI: 3.0cm 

SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE. Small KO-KISSAKI stands strongly from KOSHIZORI TAKA FUMBARI, late-HEIAN style TACHI SUGATA. A BO-HI falls into the NAKAGO. Made with the classic elegance of the grand masterworks. 

KO-ITAME HADA has a thin veil of JI-NIE. 

The deep NIOI HAMON is an ASAKI-NOTARE CHU-SUGUHA where KO-GUNOME and KO-CHOJI battle KINSUJI and SUNAGASHI in a great travail. A near KOSHIBA rises in the lower. 

UBU with one hole, signed above. 

    TOMONARI SAKU



Tomonari - Kokuho

Tomonari - Kokuho
Nagasa: 73.3cm
Moto-Haba: 2.6cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, wide Ji, Koshizori, elongated Ko-Kissaki.
Bo-Hi extends into the Nakago.
Ko-Itame with O-Hada has Ji-Nie and Midare-Utsuri.
Chu-Sugu Ko-Midare
has Togari and Ko-Choji Ba with Ashi-iri developing in the mid. The Monouchi becomes deserted to the Boshi.
Boshi is Chu-Sugu Asaki-Notare to Yakizume, omote and Midare-Komi Hakikake on Ura.
Slightly Machi-Okuri Kurijiri, Ubu Nakago has two Mekugi-ana.

    Tomonari Saku



Suketomo - Kokuho

Suketomo - Kokuho
Nagasa: 63.2cm
Moto-Haba: 2.4cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, Koshizori, elongated Ko-Kissaki.
Standing Itame Hada has Ji-Nie and Utsuri.
Rolling Notare Hamon holds Gunome Choji-Midare Ba with Togari with Ashi-iri. Large Koshiba on Omote.

Hoso-Sugu Asaki-Notare, Ko-Maru Boshi.
Ubu, very slight Kurijiri Kijimono Nakago has four Mekugi-ana, two are filled.
   ( x )Tomo

Mid-KAMAKURA TOMONARI School
TOMONARI KA-TEI: TOMONARI line KO-BIZEN. This work resembles
        FUKUOKA ICHIMONJI with mid-KAMAKURA SUGATA of wide upper
        and IKUBI KISSAKI. ICHIMONJI style CHOJI-MIDARE. 
TOMONARI BUN-EI (f: TOMONARI): Thought the father of EN-KEI 
        TOMONARI. His will be tune-of-the-time: Jutting GUNOME
        through CHOJI-MIDARE in NIOI. The line is a fairly even
        course. BUN-EI TOMONARI: MIDARE BOSHI with O-MARU to 
        YAKIZUME. TOMONARI in OSAFUNE for KEM-MU 1334 and in 
        TEN-MON 1532, signing his forebears' KIMI BANZAI.

MUNEYASU KA-TEI (br: TOMONARI): Narrow TACHI. Running ITAME HADA
        has JI-NIE. NIE KO-MIDARE BA and NIJUBA style KO-CHOJI 
        MIDARE BA. MIDARE-BOSHI. Signed near the MUNE.
    MEI: BIZEN-no-KUNI MUNEYASU SAKU



YUKIHIDE TEM-PUKU: Late KO-BIZEN. KO-ITAME HADA. KO-MIDARE of 
        KO-CHOJI BA ASHI in NIE. Small MEI.
     YUKIHIDE

YUKITSUNE KAN-GEN (t: YUKIHIDE, f: YUKIMUNE): YUKIMUNE descended
        from SUKEYUKI. A KO-BIZEN line, it is included with 
        SUKEYUKI in FUKUOKA. See FUKUOKA SUKEYUKI 
- NENGO Chrono
- NENGO Alpha
 Juyo Cookbook
Glossary
Titles
Personal Titles
Sovereigns