Copyright Robert Cole 2015 - No copying or distributing
YAMASHIRO        YAMASHIRO RAI


                  

RAI can be quiet. 

KYOTO was the capitol, the seat of the Emperor, where YAMASHIRO tradition teaches refinement. Both early schools, YAMATO and YAMASHIRO, have an austerity and refinement of style to support. 

Competing forces drive the time, however, because we have the HOJO in KAMAKURA, where AWATAGUCHI Sixth Son, KUNITSUNA, finds BIZEN SUKEZANE and SABURO KUNIMUNE, laying foundations for an emerging SOSHU. 

Soon, RAI KUNITSUGU returns from SOSHU with fashion conscious trends. MITSUTADA's undulating GUNOME wins over the fading ICHIMONJI KAWAZU CHOJI patterns and is all the rage, a fashion being spread from SAGAMI like wild fire: 
          - Out the HOKURIKU and radiating in the south-lands from CHIKUZEN. 

RAI captain, NIJI Two-characters KUNITOSHI had always been in touch and in love with the rocky boulders of Mid-KAMAKURA GUNOME HA, but his departure leaves SANJI, Three Characters RAI KUNITOSHI, to provide the serene and refined austerity of balanced quiet for the RAI school and its product.


Note: Wet clusters of NIE attend the HABUCHI in blades of the AWATAGUCHI, a main RAI root. Inherited wet NIE from the AWATAGUCHI varies with the RAI thin-skin patching. But RAI NIE clustering can be a different animal.

KUNITSUGU's return from KAMAKURA brought the reputation of TOBI-like forms for RAI School, but the origins are earlier. If used, early RAI or AWATAGUCHI may have TOBI-like YAKIBA figures incorporated within the HAMON, as perhaps disjointed CHOJI. TOBI-like formations brings one to pursue MIDARE specialists such as KUNITSUGU, then also Two-characters KUNITOSHI and KUNIYUKI. Another early type of clustering, devoid of TOBI-like formations and edging the HAMON, resembles UTSURI.


YAMASHIRO RAI
Technical: SUGATA - In KAMAKURA TORIIZORI. The stout IKUBI                      KISSAKI was lengthened as NAMBOKUCHO dawned.               HADA - Strong KO-MOKUME with O-HADA and fine                      KO JI-NIE. Wet "KYOTO steel" of transparent                      blue. Can be dark. Some examples have                      O-HADA-like patches where core-steel is seen.              HAMON - SUGU KO-CHOJI MIDARE, CHU-SUGU HOTSURE, some                      O-CHOJI MIDARE in NIE and NIOI. KINSUJI and                      INAZUMA. Some SUNAGASHI. JI-BA (next page).             BOSHI - SUGU with KO-MARU or KAEN. Little turnback.            NAKAGO - YAMASHIRO NAKAGO. MEI: school and smith.                                              ________                                              NORIHIKO KO-HEI 1058       ____________________       AWATAGUCHI KUNIYOSHI RAI Originator HO-JI 1247         _____________|___         RAI TARO KUNIYUKI SHO-GEN 1259                      |_________________________________ _____________________|_________                ________|____ NIJI "Two-characters" KUNITOSHI                ENJU HIROMURA  _____________________|______                   ENJU KUNIMURA SANJI RAI MAGOTARO KUNITOSHI                      |                               _______________|_________________________________ ________ _____|__         ____|____                   __________|____    | KUNIYUKI(3)      KUNITSUGU "Ten Students"    TAMBA KUNITOSHI    | KUNIYUKI(4)      KUNIHIDE (KUNITSUGU 2)                         |                      |__________ ______________                 |          ____________|____  ____|____  ________|____            |          ECHIZEN MUNEMITSU  SADAMITSU  RAI HIDETSUGU            |              RAI SHIGEKUNI                 KUNITSUGU            |           SETTSU YOSHIKUNI                 SUYEYUKI(1)          |                                            SUYEYUKI(2)          |                                            SUYETSUGU            |                                            SUYEYOSHI            |     _____________ ___________________ ________________ _________| ___|__       ____|____       ________|____    ________|____     | RYOKAI       KUNITOSHI       OMI MITSUKANE    RAI KUNIMITSU(1)  |    |_____________________        MICHISADA    RAI KUNIMITSU(2)  | ___|____  -brothers-  ___|____   MORICHIKA        SUYEYOSHI     | HISANOBU              KUNIHISA        ____________              | NOBUKUNI (NOBUHISA)   YOSHISADA       RAI YORIMASA GEN-KYO 1321 |                                        Became: TAMBA KUNIMITSU  |               __________ __________ ___________________ ________|          ____|___   ____|____   ___|____ -brothers- ___|____    |          TOMOYASU   TOMOMITSU   TOMOKUNI            KUNIZANE(1) |                                 KUNIMUNE            KUNIZANE(2) |                    __________________________ ______________ ___|    _______________|__        ________________|____       ___|____     SAGAMI JU KUNISUYE        NAKAJIMA RAI KUNINAGA(1)    KUNIYASU  NAKAJIMA RAI KUNIYASU        NAKAJIMA RAI KUNINAGA(2)  ECHIZEN RAI KUNIYASU        NAKAJIMA RAI KUNINAGA(3)  __________          RAI MORIMUNE                (SETTSU)          RAI MUNETO

KUNIYOSHI HO-JI (f: NORIKUNI): He and his son, KUNIYUKI found RAI 
          School. Made TACHI, TANTO and KEN. NASHI-JI MOKUME has 
          AWATAGUCHI JI-NIE. KO-MIDARE BA or GUNOME couches long 
          NIJUBA. See treatment in AWATAGUCHI KUNITOMO - 1st son 


           Kuniyuki

YAMASHIRO RAI School
KUNIYUKI(1) SHO-GEN (f: KUNIYOSHI): RAI TARO. At MUKAI MYO-JIN in
        NISHIOKA. He placed his career in the teachings of his
        father, RAI originator, KUNIYOSHI to become the first
        true RAI master. As there are no dated examples, the 
        school history has been pieced together from study. There
        has been heated controversy on the origins of RAI. 
        Historically based conviction proposes RAI, "Coming" 
        tells of a style import from KOREAN roots through MUTSU.
        See HIROMURA in YAMATO SHIKKAKE School.

        Other argument extrapolates from a dated death, 
        KUNITOSHI's birth to NIN-JI 1240. This allows that 
        KUNIYUKI son a reliable work period of KO-AN 1278, and 
        thereby re-affirms that for KUNIYUKI as SHO-GEN 1259.
        Early pieces have FUNBARI but seem evenly narrow to the
        eye, much like early KAMAKURA SUGATA. His mid-KAMAKURA,
        wide MI-HABA TACHI has the IKUBI "Boar's Neck" KISSAKI 
        that has forever been described with the most elegant 
        words: All writers are moved to comment of the grace 
        achieved in his work. The HADA is strongly standing with
        exceptionally bold JI-NIE. HAMON in KO-NIE.  
        Early: KO-MIDARE KO-CHOJI with ASHI.  
        Later: O-MIDARE, O-CHOJI or DAIBO CHOJI-MIDARE with ASHI
        and YO. His YAKIBA is wide in the later work.
        BOSHI can be MIDARE but likely a wide SUGU pulls around a
        CHU-MARU KAERI. There are often BO-HI that extend to the
        KO-SHINOGI. 
          See KOKUHO KUNIYUKI following







Kuniyuki
Nagasa: 2 Shaku 2 Sun 8 Bu (69.1cm)
Sori: 8 Bu 9 Rin (2.7cm)
Moto-haba: 1 Sun 9 Bu (3.3cm)
Saki-haba: 6 Bu 9 Rin (2.1cm)
Kissaki-naga: 1 Sun 1 Bu 2 Rin (3.4cm)
Nakago: 6 Sun 9 Bu 3 Rin (21cm)


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, deeply curved, strong width with Bo-Hi  to Ikubi-Kissaki.
Ko-Itame, tight Hada with JiNie.
Slightly undulating Chu-width line. Ko-Nie Asaki-Notare Ko-Midare Ba has Ashi. There is Rai style Muneyaki.
Ko-Maru Boshi.
Ubu, two Mekugi-ana.
Signed:

            Kuniyuki

Kuniyuki - Juyo Bunkazai




Kuniyuki - Kokuho

Kuniyuki - Kokuho
Nagasa: 74.8cm
Moto-Haba: 2.9cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, deeply curved, to Ikubi-Kissaki.
Bo-Hi both sides.
Ko-Itame, tight Nashiji Hada with strong Rai JiNie.
Asaki-Notare Hiro-Sugu holds a chaos of spiring Ko-Gunome, Ko-Choji-Midare Ba with Ashi, in Nie, Hotsure and Sungashi and some Inazuma seen.
Hiro-Sugu Midare-Komi Boshi with Togari Saki.
Ubu, three Mekugi-ana. Signed in the mid.

            Kuniyuki




Kuniyuki - Kokuho

Kuniyuki - Kokuho
Nagasa: 69.8cm
Moto-Haba: 2.9cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, gentle curve, to Chu-Kissaki.
Bo-Hi both sides.
Strongly standing and running Itame has O-Hada with Rai JiNie and Yubashiri.
Asaki-Notare Ko-Nie Deki Hoso-Suguha holds Ko-Gunome, Ko-Choji-Midare Ba with Ashi, Sunagashi and Nijuba.
Ko-Maru Hakikake Boshi.
Suriage Nakago has four Mekugi-ana. Signed in the Ji.

            Kuniyuki


YAMASHIRO RAI School - KOKUHO KUNIYUKI


    
KOKUHO KUNIYUKI                                       KOKUHO  ~National Treasure~
NAGASA: 2 SHAKU 5.2 SUN 
SORI: 1 SUN 
NAKAGO: 6.8 SUN
MOTO-HABA: 9.6 BU
SAKI-HABA: 6.6 BU

Width follows the smooth, long reach of this mid-KAMAKURA TACHI SUGATA to support its elongated KISSAKI. A wide BO-HI replaces the SHINOGI-JI. 

Somewhat early KUNIYUKI work, the YAKIBA style was certainly fuel for the youthful strides of young KUNITOSHI's DAIBO CHOJI patterns. This piece, however, has his father's master work of refinement and complexity. 

ITAME with profuse JI-NIE. 

Squarish, fist and T0BI like KO-CHOJI sit like the weathered stacks. KO-ASHI washes through SUNAGASHI while YO dots and anchors. KINSUJI stratifies the line. 

MONOUCHI clears, with few defined SAKA-ASHI to a smooth SUGU BOSHI that turns in KO-MARU. 

The whole of the YAKIBA is a gently varying CHU width. A single Vajra SU-KEN HORIMONO rises in the KOSHI-MOTO, BO-HI well. 

His large signature resides near the MUNE in the midst of a nearly UBU NAKAGO. The altered walls of three MEKUGI-ANA testify to many mountings. 


Sakakibara Rai Kuniyuki
Sword of Sakakibara Yasumasa

Sakakibara Yasumasa
     and Hideyoshi at the battle of Mt Komaki


Under Iyeyasu, he earned his Family's place
in Tokugawa Japan.

One of the Four Great Generals of Iyeyasu
Ii Naomasa
Sakakibara Yasumasa
Sakai Tadatsugu
Honda Tadakatsu





                Sakakibara Yasumasa
Sakakibara Rai Kuniyuki

Strongly standing Ko-Itame hada has JiNie and Rai Nie Jiba.
A field of complex Ko-Choji Midare fights under a smoothly rolling Aski-Notare Chu-width surface. Ashi and Yo cling while Sunagashi pulls figures into a stark Nijuba.
Boshi is Niju Midare which fills the Kissaki.
Suriage Nakago has three Mekugi-ana. Signed in the lower.

                      Kuniyuki




Kuniyuki Sugata

Bunkazai
NAGASA: 69.1cm

SORI: 2.7cm
NAKAGO: 21.2cm


Bunkazai
NAGASA: 74.5cm

SORI: 2.1cm
NAKAGO: 21.2cm





Rai Kuniyuki
Nagasa: 54.6cm
Moto-haba: 2.48cm
Saki-haba: 1.84cm
Moto-kasane: 0.53cm
Saki-kasane: 0.35cm
Kissaki-naga: 2.55cm
Nakago: 13.7cm


Shinogi-tsukuri, Ihori-mune Tachi. Shinogi-haba is wide. It's the upper end of a Tachi that was. Ikubi-Kissaki has been altered as well. FutatsuBi extends to the Ko-Shinogi.

Strongly standing Ko-Mokume has JiNie and Rai Nie Jiba swelling near the Habuchi.

Sugu line holds KoChoji-Midare in Ko-Nie where Choji-Ashi, Ashi and Yo define. Sunagashi and Kinsuji and Konie compete to tear open the mid.
The Monouchi smooths out before a round, Chu-Maru Kaeri.
Considerably shortened O-Suriage Nakago has two Mekugi-ana. Kiri Yasuri on the Nakago-mune.

Rai Kuniyuki



YAMASHIRO RAI School - Enju Roots start here
HIROMURA SHO-O (f: SENJUIN SHIGEMURA, t: SHIKKAKE NORIHIRO): This
        is the son-in-law of RAI KUNIYUKI from YAMATO. He and his
        son followed their own dictates, moving through the great
        houses to found ENJU at KIKUCHI in HIGO. 

KUNIMURA SHO-WA (f: HIROMURA): ENJU Founder. His father married
        RAI TARO KUNIYUKI's daughter. See YAMATO and HIGO ENJU 
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