Copyright Robert Cole 2014 - No copying or distributing
The Eight DO

TOSANDO - The Eight Roads of KOTO



SHIMOTSUKE - TOKUJIRA School 

   |_____________________
___|____  -brothers-  ___|____       ____           ________
HARUKAZE KO-AN 1278   HARUMORI       MORI           HARUNARI
___|____              KEN-CHO 1249   KEN-CHO 1249   KO-CHO 1261
HIROMUNE EN-BUN 1356     

___|____
HIROMUNE MEI-TOKU 1390
___|____       
HIROMUNE MEI-O 1492   
   |_______________           
___|____        ___|______     
HIROMUNE        CHIKAMITSU 
TEN-MON 1532    EI-SHO 1504


HARUMORI KEN-CHO: SAGAMI and ETCHU. GUNOME KO-MIDARE HA with 
        ASHI. One reference says HARUMORI of O-EI 1394 was 
        brother of HARUKAZE. Dates are uncertain. Changed his 
        MORI.
    MEI: HARUMORI
         SHIMOTSUKE JU HARUMORI

HARUKAZU KO-AN: Also in SAGAMI. KO-NIE DEKI GUNOME KO-MIDARE HA.

HIROMUNE MEI-TOKU: Dates are inconsistent. See HIROMUNE of MEI-O,
 below.

HIROMUNE MEI-O: In SAGAMI and ECHIGO. Later in SAGAMI, he became
        SOSHU MASAKIYO. HIROMUNE dates are conflicting. Some say
        MEI-TOKU. ITAME HADA. KO-NIE and deep NIOI GUNOME 
        patterns are set on a NOTARE undulation.
    MEI: SHIMOTSUKE-no-KUNI HIROMUNE
         SOSHU JU MASAKIYO
         SOSHU KAMAKURA JU MASAKIYO

CHIKAMITSU EI-SHO (f: HIROMUNE): From EI-SHO 1504 to TEN-MON
        1532. NOTARE BA and NOTARE undulation of GUNOME-MIDARE.
    MEI: SHIMOTSUKE TOKUJIRA CHIKAMITSU
         SHIMOTSUKE-no-KUNI TOKUJIRA JU CHIKAMITSU
         SHIMOTSUKE-no-KUNI JU TOKUJIRA CHIKAMITSU


SHIMOTSUKE - TOKUJIRA School
__________________
TOKUJIRA MORIKATSU(1) KYO-ROKU 1528
    |____________ __________ ______________ ____________________
____|____      __|_     ____|____      ____|____                |
MORIKATSU(2)   MORI     KATSUHIRO      SADAKATSU(1) BUN-GI 1501 |
 - TEN-SHO 1573 -       EI-SHO 1504    ____|____                |
_________       _________              SADAKATSU(2) GEN-KI 1570 |
MUNEKATSU       YORIMITSU                   ____________________|
TEN-SHO 1573    EI-ROKU 1558           ____|_____
                                       KATSUSHIGE TEN-MON 1532
__________         
SHIGEKATSU O-NIN 1467
____|_____   
SHIGEKATSU TEN-MON 1532
____|_____   
SHIGEKATSU KEI-CHO 1596


MORIKATSU KYO-ROKU: Thought of as the TOKUJIRA School founder. He
        is known for a high refinement of the GUNOME-MIDARE 
        pattern and his SOSHU HIROMITSU School HORIMONO. ITAME 
        HADA. KO-NIE KO-MIDARE of GUNOME-MIDARE with valleys and
        ASHI. KINSUJI. Another MORIKATSU in TEN-SHO 1573 and 
        SHINTO - KAN-EI 1624. 
    MEI: MORIKATSU SAKU
         YASHU JU MORIKATSU
         YASHU JU FUJIWARA MORIKATSU
         SHIMOTSUKE-no-KAMI MORIKATSU
         SHIMOTSUKE TOKUJIRA MORIKATSU
    OMOTE: YASHU JU MORIKATSU
      URA: OITE TOKUJIRA-MURA SAKU KORE


KATSUHIRO EI-SHO: MUSASHI also. Worked to TEN-MON 1532. NOTARE BA
        with GUNOME HA.
    MEI: KATSUHIRO
         KATSUHIRO TSUKURU
         YASHU JU KATSUHIRO
         YASHU ASHIKAGA JU KATSUHIRO
         YASHU JU ASHIKAGA-SHO KATSUHIRO
         SHIMOTSUKE-no-KUNI TOKUJIRA JU KATSUHIRO


SADAKATSU BUN-GI: Worked at TOKUJIRA Village. ITAME. Undulating 
          GUNOME-MIDARE NOTARE BA, SOSHU style. 
    MEI: YAKUSHIJI SADAKATSU

SADAKATSU GEN-KI: SOSHU style. 
    MEI: YASHU TOKUJIRA JU YAKUSHIJI SADAKATSU

MUNEKATSU TEN-SHO:Running ITAME HADA that stands.KO-MIDARE HA
          in MURA KO-NIE.
    MEI: MUNEKATSU

SHIMOTSUKE - TOKUJIRA School

KATSUSHIGE TEN-MON (t: MORIKATSU): TOKUJIRA-MURA JU. Also in
        SAGAMI. SOSHU style GUNOME in NOTARE. 
    MEI: KATSUSHIGE
         YASHU ASHIKAGA JU KATSUSHIGE

YORIMITSU EI-ROKU: TOKUJIRA-MURA JU. Running ITAME with O-HADA.
        Profuse MURA-NIE GUNOME O-MIDARE HA and HITATSURA BA, 
        SOSHU style.
    MEI: YASHU TOKUJIRA JU YORIMITSU


HORIKAWA Founder  * The capitol awaited our traveler *
KUNIHIRO TEN-SHO to KEI-CHO (f: KUNIMASA): TANAKAKINTARO. 
      Accepted SHINANO-no-KAMI in 1590. He had been retainer 
for the ITO Family in HYUGA, who had fallen into decline
after TEN-SHO 4. See HYUGA
He moved to SHIMOTSUKE to make swords at the ASHIKAGA
Castle, from where we have his two famous NAMBOKUCHO
copies for NAGAO AKINAGA. It is from this time, the
TEN-SHO, he established "HORIKAWA" to his name.
Finally he moved to the Capitol and the UMETADA School to
be a main Founder of the SHINTO. He is known as the father
of SHINTO. He was a long time retainer for the Ii Family.
 See SHINTO KYOTO.
Running ITAME with JI-NIE. MASAME in the SHINOGI-JI.
His early work, dubbed the "TEN-SHO Period," said to
resemble that of his father.          -Early: SUGU GUNOME, GUNOME-MIDARE in tightly held NIOI.         -Later: SUGU NOTARE-MIDARE  GUNOME-MIDARE, KO-MIDARE,                 O-MIDARE, and NOTARE in NIE and NIOI-FUKASHI with                 KINSUJI and SUNAGASHI. BOSHI: MIDARE NIE-KUZURE                  - with TOGARI. KUNIHIRO died an old man in the                  spring of 1614. See SHINTO - YAMASHIRO                        Appraisal note - Early: Tight NIOI                                         Late: NIOI is FUKAi
Tokubetsu Juyo Kunihiro  Tokubetsu Juyo Kunihiro





















Horikawa Kunihiro

Short Dambira style with BoHi.
Running O-Mokume has JiNie and starkly arcing Chikei exemplifying the grain.

Billowing Soshu Nie O-Midare clouds are pulled and strafed with Nie Hakikake of Sunagashi, Inazuma and Kinsuji.
Ubu Nakago with his classic Niji-Mei

           Kunihiro


In Private Ownership


















Horikawa Kunihiro

Horikawa Kunihiro - Tokyo National Museum Exhibition
Horikawa Kunihiro
Nagasa: 71.2cm
Sori: 1.4cm

Apparently ordered by Hojo Ujinao for Nagao Akinaga who had received the Ashikaga Castle in Shimotsuke. This sword was signed the year the Hojo were vanquished and Ujinao exiled. He lived another year but saw the Kanto delivered to Iyeyasu.
After the collapse of the Odawara, many were displaced.
The moment was pivotal and it is said the name of the sword, "Honsaku Chogi" was called by a Yamauba Mountain Witch as favored of the soon dispossessed. Mountain Hag-Cutter has been used to describe both these O-Kissaki Namboku-style Daito made for Nagao Akinaga.

Doi Toshikatsu came into possession.
The sword was recognized by Origami in En-Kyo Sannen - 1746.

Shinogi-tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, wide blade with O-Kissaki in reverence of Nambokucho Soden Bizen Chogi style.
Strong Mokume has Chikei.
Billowing Nioi-Deki and KoNie Gunome Choji rise into double node mounds that reach the Shinogi. Boshi fills the large and broad O-Kissaki. Hakikake Tsuki-age at the Saki.
It is an exaggerated Sugata.
Suriage, three Mekugi-ana, the Nakago is designed as an O-Suriage Namboku Tachi.

Honsaku Chogi
      Ten-Sho Ju-Hachi Nen Ka-no-e Tora (abbrev) Go-Gatsu Hi
                          (Ni - secondly) Kyushu Hyuga Ju Kunihiro Mei-cho (signed)
      Ten-Sho Ju-ShiNen Shichi Gatsu Ju Ichinichi
                                   Odawara Shinfu Jisho Yakata Yo Kudasa-oku Ya
      Nagao Shingoro Taira Ason Akinaga Shoji

5th month of 1590, Kyushu Hyuga Ju Kunihiro signed this, which was ordered on the 21st day of the seventh month of 1586 and from the fall of the offices of the Odawara is being entrusted into the care of
 Nagao Shingoro Taira Ason Akinaga Shoji








































Horikawa Kunihiro

Horikawa Kunihiro - Also called the Mountain Hag-Cutter
Nagasa: 70.6cm
Sori: 2.8cm


Made at the same time as the Honsaku Chogi. One of the most famous and most photographed Japanese Swords. Its Namboku reverenced O-Kissaki, deep curve and wide Yakiba are the long copied sign-post of the coming Keicho and early Shinto Sugata.
Shinogi-tsukuri, Ihori-mune, wide bodied.
Mokume Hada has JiNie and swirling Chikei.
Sharp Togari pokes from a maze of crowding Gunome O-Choji Midare mounds rippling on the wide undulations of this uneven Notare Hamon line. Dated as Ten-Sho 14, the Nioi is quite tight. Sunagashi sweeps through figures. 
Notare-Komi Boshi to Saagari head.
Ubu, Kurijiri Nakago has one Mekugi-ana.

    Kyushu Hyuga Ju Kunihiro Saku
    Ten-Sho Ju-Hachi Nen Ka-no-e Tora (abbrev) Futatsu Gatsu Kichi Jitsu
    Taira Akinaga



    


Kunihiro at Ashikaga Jo

Kunihiro
Nagasa: 23.8cm
Slight Sori
Nakago: 9.1cm

Hira-tsukuri, Ihori-mune, narrow Tanto with thick Kasane.
Kurikara Dragon and Vajra Ken Horimono, Omote and Bonji on Ura.
Strongly standing Mokume, Itame mix has thick JiNie and strong Chikei twisting in the grain. A standing Mizukage pushes from the Yakidashi.
Gunome wrestles Togari and Hako shapes into the line where Ko-Ashi defines. Nioi-guchi is tight, moniker of early work, while Nie is strong. Mune-yaki falls along half the upper.
Midare-Komi, Ko-Maru Boshi where Kaeri joins Mune-yaki dotting down the back.
Ubu, Haagari Kurijiri two Mekugi-ana Nakago.

Tsugueuemon-no-Jo SaShoji
Ten-Sho JuRoku-nen Ni-Gatsu Tsuitachi Kunihiro Tsukuru
               - 1588



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