Copyright Robert Cole 2015 - No copying or distributing
The Eight DO
SANYODO - The Eight Roads of KOTO




BITCHU   The KO-AOE group played a hand, along with BIZEN and 
the AWATAGUCHI, helping Emperor GOTOBA with the GOBAN KAJI. The
three famous early BITCHU smiths who took part in the ICHIMONJI
Group were MORITSUGUs' sons, TSUNETSUGU, TSUGUIYE, and SADATSUGU.


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        ARTWORK - MAP









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                                             - Raised SHINOGI
                                             - NIKU
                                             - Fine Grain
                                             - CHIJI-MEN
                                             - SUMI-HADA
                                             - TOBI-like Dappling
                                             - SAKA "leaning"
                                             - NIOI inner-pattern
BITCHU KO-AOE School

Technical: SUGATA - KOSHIZORI with FUNBARI, both subtle. Much 
                    NIKU in the JI. High SHINOGI. Wide and 
"SHO-GEN            moderately high MUNE. Blades can be deeply
     GOBAN"         curved and the appearance will be strong.
TSUNETSUGU | HADA - KO-ITAME. KO-MOKU. CHIJI-MEN "Bunched-thread"
TSUGUIYE   |        NASHIJI-SHO HADA. There will be JI-NIE and
SADATSUGU  |        TOBI-like UTSURI "dappled" with the variance
                    of grain. SUMI-HADA (spots of grain-carbon).
            HAMON - NIOI may form an inner pattern within the 
                    YAKIBA. Certain artists exemplified this
                    effect and its style can be traced through 
                    lineage. CHU-SUGU KO-MIDARE, KO-CHOJI MIDARE 
                    with ASHI and YO. Known for SAKA (leaning).
                    INAZUMA and KINSUJI play in KO-NIE on NIOI.
            BOSHI - SUGU or MIDARE. KO-MARU, O-MARU. Short KAERI.
           NAKAGO - Long and tapered. Famous for URA-MEI, signed 
                    on the reverse. 

YASUTSUGU, working in the YAMASHIRO tradition, had the group 
underway by HO-AN 1120. BIZEN influence arrives with NORITAKA 
School, SHO-AN 1171. The leading YAMASHIRO stylists join the 
ICHIMONJI following SHO-GEN 1207, and the particular "AOE Style"
evolves in NIN-JI 1240. AOE Style is considered strong to O-EI 
1394. Note: BITCHU famous for SAKA (leaning) figures and an 
inner-pattern of defined NIOI. KO-AOE: TACHI with thin, complex
YAKIBA. CHU-AOE: Stronger SUGATA, wider YAKIBA - less complexity.
BITCHU - Preliminary KO-AOE: NORITAKA School - BIZEN Roots
_______
YASUIYE SHO-HO 1074                            
___|___ (f: possibly KO-BIZEN YASUTSUGU        ______            
ARIYUKI         from EI-EN NOBUFUSA)           TAMETO HO-GEN 1156
 TEN-EI 1110                          ______________              
                                      BIZEN TAMEYASU KEN-NIN 1201 
________                          __________________ 
NORITAKA BUN-JI 1185  -brothers-  TACHIBANA NORIZANE SHO-GEN 1207
  |________________ __________________________ _________ _______
__|____         ___|____                  ____|____  ___|____   |
TSUNETO         TAMENOBU KEN-NIN 1201     TAMETSUNE  TOKIZANE   |
  | SHO-JI 1199    |_____________________   - KEN-NIN 1201 -    |
  |             ___|_____             ___|____                  |
  |             CHIKAYORI TEI-O 1222  TAMEYORI JO-EI 1232       |
  |             ___|______                                      |
  |             CHIKATOSHI BUN-EI 1264                          |
  |      _________________________ _____________ _________ _____|
  |  ___|__                    ___|____      ___|____  ___|__   |
  |  MUNETO(1) SHO-GEN 1207    SUKEZANE      SANEMORI  MORITO   |
  |  ___|__                    KEN-EI 1206   - SHO-GEN 1207 -   |
  |  MUNETO(2) KEN-CHO 1249            __________ ______________|
  |  ___|_____     ___________________|____   ___|____           
  |  SUKESHIGE     OSUMI GONnoSUKE MORISADA   NARITAKA TEI-O 1222
  |  KO-AN 1278                SHO-KYU 1219   ___|___            
  |                                           NARIIYE AN-TEI 1227
  |_______________ __________________________ ___________
__|______      ___|__                    ____|____    ___|__ 
MASATSUNE(1)   TOMOTO KEN-PO 1213        TSUNEYORI    MUNETO 
  | KEN-EI 1206   |____________________  KEN-PO 1213  BUN-EI 1264
  |            ___|____             ___|___  
  |            NARITAKA HO-JI 1247  IYEYASU HO-JI 1247   
  |            ___|___              ___|___              
  |            IYETAKA KO-CHO 1261  YASUIYE SHO-WA 1312  
  |______________ ___________________________ __________________
__|______     ___|_____                   ___|___               |
MASATSUNE(2)  MUNETSUNE KEN-PO 1213       ARIYUKI KEN-KYU 1190  |
SHO-KYU 1219     |___________ ____________                      |
              ___|_____   ___|____      __|______               |
              TSUNEKIYO   SANESATO      TSUNENAGA TEN-PUKU 1233 |
              HO-JI 1247  KEN-CHO 1249  __|_____                |
                                        SUYEKUNI KAN-GEN 1243   |
                                        __|_____                |
                                        SUYEZANE KO-CHO 1261    |
                                        __|_____                |
                                        SUKENARI KO-AN 1278     |
     ___________ _________ _________ ___________ ________ ______|
____|___     ___|____ ____|____ ____|____   ____|____ ___|_____ |
TSUNEIYE     SANEHIRA HIROTSUNE TSUNEMORI   YASUTSUNE TSUNESUYE |
KEN-RYAKU 1211     - TEI-O 1222 -            - RYAKU-NIN 1238 - |
                   __________ ______________ ___________________|
              ____|____    __|__        ____|____                
________      TSUNEKIYO    IYETO        MORITSUNE(1) KEN-CHO 1249
MORIYASU      HO-JI 1247   BUN-EI 1264  ____|____  
GEN-O 1319                              MORITSUNE(2) KO-AN 1278 

BITCHU Preliminary KO-AOE: NORITAKA School - BIZEN Roots 

NORITAKA BUN-JI (br: MASATSUNE and NORIZANE): KO-AOE Founder from
        BIZEN. SENOO KYOBUSUKE or KYOBUSHIRO. SENOO KAJI. Work 
        from SHO-AN 1171 to KEN-NIN 1201. NORITAKA School kept to
        its BIZEN-style import. SUGU KO-MIDARE in deep NIOI. 
        KO-GUNOME CHOJI-MIDARE in KO-NIE with SAKA-ASHI.
    MEI: NORITAKA

NORIZANE SHO-GEN (br: NORITAKA): 24 GOBAN, 12th month. KO-KISSAKI
        TACHI with FUNBARI. KO-ITAME with CHIJI-MEN no HADA 
        "Skein of Silk." JI-NIE. SUGU KO-MIDARE BA in KO-NIE. 
        KINSUJI and SUNAGASHI. Secret MEI: TACHIBANA - carved.
    MEI: NORIZANE

NARITAKA TEI-O: NARI form: YEH "Industry." Narrow TACHI. JI-NIE 
          veils CHIJI-MEN in KO-MOKUME with SUMI-HADA throughout.
          KO-NIE SUGUHA with KO-ASHI.
    MEI: NARITAKA

NARIIYE AN-TEI (f: NARITAKA): ITAME HADA. NIE SUGU KO-MIDARE BA
        with SAKA-ASHI.
    MEI: NARIIYE

TOKIZANE KEN-NIN (t: NORITAKA): NIE SUGU SAKA-ASHI KO-MIDARE.
    MEI: TOKIZANE

SANEMORI SHO-GEN (t: NORITAKA): MOKUME HADA. SUGU KO-MIDARE BA.
    MEI: SANEMORI

MUNETO SHO-GEN (t: NORITAKA): MOKUME HADA. SUGU SAKA-ASHI,
        KO-MIDARE BA and CHOJI with ASHI. TSUNETO named his son
        after MUNETO - becoming BUN-EI MUNETO.
    MEI: MUNETO

MORISADA SHO-KYU (t: NORITAKA): OSUMI GON-no-SUKE. SENOO JU. Made
        NIE-DEKI KO-MIDARE BA.
    MEI: MORISADA
         OSUMI GON-no-SUKE MORISADA
         BITCHU OSUMI GON-no-SUKE MORISADA

TAMENOBU (t: NORITAKA): MOKUME HADA. SUGUHA with SAKA-ASHI and 
          KO-MIDARE BA of NIE.
    MEI: TAMENOBU

CHIKAYORI JO-EI (f: TAMENOBU): MOKUME. NIE SUGUHA with SAKA-ASHI.
    MEI: BITCHU-no-KUNI CHIKAYORI

TSUNETO KEN-PO (f: NORITAKA):  SENOO JU. KO-ITAME with a dappled
        veil of JI-NIE.SAKA-ASHI GUNOME-MIDARE, medium-width 
        KO-MIDARE BA and KO-CHOJI KO-MIDARE with KO-NIE on the 
        line. Slight NOTARE BOSHI with little or no KAERI. MEI is
        struck above the ANA in large characters. The TSUNE looks
        like a stone lantern.
    MEI: TSUNETO

BITCHU Preliminary KO-AOE: NORITAKA School - BIZEN Roots 

IYEYASU HO-JI (f: TOMOTO): ITAME. SUGU reversed MIDARE - ASHI.
    MEI: IYEYASU

YASUIYE SHO-WA (f: IYEYASU): KO-NIE KO-MIDARE CHOJI with ASHI.
    MEI: BITCHU-no-KUNI SENOO KYOBUJO YASUIYE

NARITAKA KO-CHO (f: TOMOTO): Work from JO-EI 1232 to KO-CHO 1261. 
          MOKUME HADA. KO-MIDARE BA of NIE.
    MEI: NARITAKA

MASATSUNE(1) KEN-EI (br: NORITAKA, f: MASAKANE): TSUNETO School.
        From BIZEN to SENOO. Made TACHI and TANTO. KO-KISSAKI
        KOSHIZORI with strong FUNBARI. KO-ITAME of MOKUME with
        CHIJI-MEN. JI-NIE gently clothes the surface. There is
        CHIKEI. SUGU KO-CHOJI KO-MIDARE with ASHI and YO in
        KO-NIE. SAKA-ASHI SAKA-MIDARE BA. O-CHOJI KO-MIDARE. 
        KINSUJI found. BOSHI:SUGU "swept" MIDARE, KO-MARU. 
        Mid-KAMAKURA MASATSUNE line shows MORITSUGU influence.
        GEN-RYAKU, KEN-PO, O-CHO, KO-AN - all found MASATSUNE.
    MEI: MASATSUNE 

KOKUHO MASATSUNE
NAGASA: 78.2cm 
SORI: 3.0cm
A dedication from the 8th TOKUGAWA SHOGUN, YOSHIMUNE while visiting the 
TSURUGA OKA HACHIMAN-GU Shrine.
SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE - KOSHIZORI, Late-HEIAN/Early KAMAKURA TACHI.
KO-ITAME, MOKUME HADA shows CHIKEI and veiled JI-NIE. CHIRI-MEN HADA.
HAMON is KO-MIDARE of KO-CHOJI in KO-NIE with KO-ASHI and YO.
BOSHI is a swept KOMARU.
UBU KIJI-MOMO NAKAGO has two MEKUGI-ANA and signed in the lower:


Masatsune - Kokuho

Masatsune - Kokuho
Nagasa: 78.5cm
Moto-Haba: 3cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri< Ihori-Mune, deeply Koshizori Funbari Tachi.
Ko-Itame Hada with Ji-Nie and sporadic dark Utsuri.
Upper is Chu-Sugu Ko-Midare ba with Kinsuji, Inazuma and Nie Hotsure pulling Nijuba through the Habuchi.
Lower is Hoso-width Asaki-Notare Ba.
Sugu Ko-Maru Hakikake Boshi.
Ubu, Ura-Mei with one Mekugi-ana.

      Masatsune

Preliminary KO-AOE 
TSUNEIYE KEN-RYAKU (t: MASATSUNE): His TSUNE form: KO "Constant."
        ITAME HADA. KO-NIE SUGUHA and KO-MIDARE BA.
    MEI: TSUNEIYE

MUNETSUNE KEN-PO (f: MASATSUNE): ITAME HADA. SUGUHA, KO-MIDARE BA 
          and CHOJI BA with SAKA-ASHI.
    MEI: MUNETSUNE

HIROTSUNE TEI-O (t: MASATSUNE): From KEN-PO 1213 to TEI-O 1222. 
          ITAME HADA. SUGUHA with KO-ASHI and CHOJI-MIDARE BA.
    MEI: HIROTSUNE

YASUTSUNE RYAKU-NIN (f: MASATSUNE): From JO-EI 1232 to KEN-JI
        1275. ITAME HADA. SUGUHA and KO-MIDARE BA.
    MEI: YASUTSUNE

MORITSUNE KEN-CHO (t:MASATSUNE): MOKUME. SUGUHA and KO-MIDARE BA 
          - ASHI.
    MEI: MORITSUNE

IYETO BUN-EI (t: MASATSUNE): ITAME. SUGU SAKA-ASHI CHOJI-MIDARE.
    MEI: IYETO

NARITAKA KO-AN: SENOO JU. KYOBUJO.
    MEI: NARITAKA

NARITAKA KA-GEN: SENOO JU.
    MEI: NARITAKA

MORIYASU GEN-O: SENOO smith. MOKUME HADA. SUGUHA with ASHI.
    MEI: BISHU SENOO JU MORIYASU 

    
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