Copyright Robert Cole 2015 - No copying or distributing -
YAMASHIRO





SANJO KOKAJI Technical:
 SUGATA - HEIAN style, deeply curved KOSHIZORI or TORII 
            with FUNBARI (tapering width) to KO-KISSAKI. 
            Blades are narrow and SHINOGI-JI is wide.
     HADA - Very fine KO-MOKUME. Deep blue. A feeling of 
            purple is reputed. CHIKEI and fine JI-NIE.
    HAMON - SUGUHA. SUGU KO-MIDARE with YO and KO-ASHI or
            SUGU KO-CHOJI MIDARE. The concentration of 
            temperature brought an abundance of fine KO-
            NIE attending the NIOI-FUKASHI line. Some 
            blades show temperature differential during 
            quench in the MONOUCHI. These might appear as 
            overlapping or double HAMON lines. Pursuit of
            UCHI-NOKE (small crescent patterns next to 
            the HAMON) is expected of all generations. 
            Some have YAKIOTOSHI (temper-line drops from
            the HA before MACHI). KINSUJI and INAZUMA. 
    BOSHI - Some O-MARU and KAEN. Some KO-MARU. 
            NIE. Little turnback.
   NAKAGO - Long with curve. Some KIJI types. KURI-JIRI. 
            Early signatures are usually smith name alone.


               ___________________                      _________
               SANJO MUNECHIKA Founder EI-EN 987    YOSHINORI
  ______ _________________|_________ ________ __________________
_|__  __|____  ___________|___  ____|____ ___|_____             |
HISA  ARIKUNI  KAWACHI ARINARI  SANETOSHI CHIKANORI             |
        |_______________            |________ _______           |
________|____  _________|_____  ____|___ ____|___ ___|____      |
GOJO KANENAGA  KAWACHI ARIKUNI  SANEKUNI MUNENAGA SANEKIYO      |
        |_________ _________                                    |
________|____ ____|___  ____|____  ________                     |
GOJO KUNINAGA KANEYASU  KANETSUGU  YASUNORI                     |
              KANETSUNE            NORISUYE                     |
     ________ ________ ________ __________ _____________________|
____|____ ___|____ ___|____ ___|____  ____|___         
MUNETOSHI MUNEYASU MUNENORI SANENORI  YOSHIIYE         
MUNETADA  MUNENOBU                        |_________
          MORICHIKA                   ____|____  ___|_____
                                      CHIKAMURA  YOSHISUKE

YAMASHIRO SANJO KOKAJI
________             _________________  _________        ________
SUYEYUKI             HEIANJO KUNISHIGE  KANETSUGU        SUKETOMO
EI-KAN 983                    - EI-EN 987 -           KAN-KO 1004
_______                                      _________          
ARITADA CHO-WA 1012                          YOSHINORI EI-EN 987
_________                                    ____|____ _________
YOSHIMORI TEN-KI 1053                        YOSHINORI YOSHIHIRO
_______                                        - CHO-KYU 1040 -  
ARIKIYO KO-HEI 1058                         
                    ___________________  
                    SANJO MUNECHIKA Founder EI-EN 987 
  ______ _________ ___________|____________________________ ____
_|__  __|____ ____|____   ____|___              ___________|___ |
HISA  ARIKUNI MUNECHIKA   YOSHIIYE KAN-KO 1004  KAWACHI ARINARI |
        | KAN-KO 1004 -   ____|____               CHO-WA 1012   |
        |_______________  CHIKAMURA CHO-KYU 1040                |
________|____  _________|_____                   _______________|
GOJO KANENAGA  KAWACHI ARIKUNI        __________|____           |
        | - CHO-GEN 1028 -            SANJO KANETSUGU EI-EN 987 |
        |___________ ___________________________                |
________|____   ____|___               _________|____           |
GOJO KUNINAGA   KANEYASU EI-SHO 1046   GOJO KANETSUGU           |
  TEN-KI 1053   ____|____                 EI-SHO 1046           |
                KANETSUNE TEN-KI 1053                           |
     __________________________ ________________________________|
____|____                   ___|_____      ________             |
SANETOSHI CHO-KYU 1040      CHIKANORI      YASUNORI EI-SHO 1046 |
    |__________ _________   KO-HEI 1058    ___|____             |
____|___   ____|___   ___|____             NORISUYE TEN-KI 1053 |
SANEKUNI   MUNENAGA   SANEKIYO                                  |
  - EN-KYU 1069 -      KA-HO 1094                               |
     _______________________ ______________________ ________ ___|
____|____                ___|____               ___|____ ___|____  
MUNETOSHI CHO-RYAKU 1037 MUNEYASU CHO-KYU 1040  MUNENORI SANENORI  
____|___          __________|____                - CHO-KYU 1040 - 
MUNETADA         (OMIYA) MUNENOBU O-TOKU 1084 
SHO-RYAKU 1077           ___|_____     
                         MORICHIKA KAN-TOKU 1044 
MUNECHIKA EI-EN: SANJO KOKAJI Founder. Born: 938, Died: 1014 
        Originally from KAWACHI. KAWACHI ARINARI is either the 
        same man or MUNECHIKAs' son. Said to have made a blade 
        named for a rescued fox called KO-KITSUNE - "Little Fox."
        Deep KOSHIZORI, FUNBARI TACHI draws great length along a 
        narrowing MONOUCHI to balance his almost miniature 
        KO-KISSAKI. 
        Profuse JI-NIE over compacted KO-MOKUME where CHIKEI 
        outlines O-HADA. UTSURI is possible. Thinning YAKIBA of 
        KO-NIE in NIOI-FUKASHI appears layered. KUICHIGAI couples 
        layered and inter-linked NIJUBA and SANJUBA while KO-ASHI
        pulls on the line. SANJO famed for UCHINOKE, which suspend 
        like standing waves. Small MUNEYAKI may grace the back. 
        MIDARE-KOMI BOSHI has UCHINOKE. The grain may tug a slight 
        TOGARI within KO-MARU to a short KAERI. 
        Story has SHOTOKU-TAISHI's famous HEI-SHI-SHO-RIN Sword of 
        the SHI-TENNO-JI Temple his inspiration for steel and HAMON 
        although, technically, they differ. Reference writes of 
        UTSURI flared YAKIOTOSHI, but this could not be expected.

           Two KOSHIGATANA Belt Swords:

                  UMA-EBI "Sea Shrimp" MYO KOKAJI
                      KATAKIRI BA TSUKURI
                      NAGASA: 1 SHAKU 1.2 SUN with 9.8 SUN RYOBA 

                  TAKA-no-SO "Falcon's Nest" MUNECHIKA
                      HIRA-TSUKURI
                      NAGASA: 1 SHAKU 4 SUN

        School work began to show the SANJO inscription in the 
        later HEIAN, becoming MUNECHIKA's  nom de guarre only at 
        the behest of history. His SANJO MEI is to be found on 
        the URA above the MEKUGI-ANA. MUNECHIKA MEI will be found 
        on TACHI OMOTE. Also signed YUKIZANE. 
        See MIKAZUKI MUNECHIKA following
YAMASHIRO SANJO School

Sanjo Munechika


SANJO School
ARIKUNI KAN-KO (t: MUNECHIKA): KO-MOKUME. KO-NIE KO-MIDARE BA.
     ARIKUNI

ARINARI CHO-WA (f: MUNECHIKA): To KAWACHI. Either MUNECHIKA or
        his son. KO-NIE KO-MIDARE BA.
     ARINARI

ARIKUNI CHO-GEN (t: ARINARI, f: ARIKUNI): To KAWACHI. MOKUME with
        MASAME. KO-NIE KO-MIDARE BA.
     ARIKUNI

SANETOSHI CHO-KYU (f: MUNECHIKA): Work from KAN-NIN 1017. MOKUME 
           with MASAME. KO-MIDARE BA to CHOJI-BA.
     SANETOSHI

MUNENORI CHO-KYU (f: MUNECHIKA):  Work from CHO-GEN 1028. MOKUME. 
           HOSO-SUGUHA, KO-MIDARE, GUNOME and CHOJI patterns.
     MUNENORI

MUNETOSHI CHO-KYU (f: MUNECHIKA): KO-MIDARE KO-CHOJI BA in the
        style of his father.
     MUNETOSHI

MUNETADA SHO-RYAKU (f: MUNETOSHI): MOKUME. KO-MIDARE BA with ASHI
           to CHOJI YAKIBA patterns.
     MUNETADA

SANENORI CHO-KYU (f: MUNECHIKA): MOKUME NASHIJI JI-HADA. SUGU
        lines of KO-MIDARE KOCHOJI BA.
     SANENORI 

KOKUHO MIKAZUKI "The Crescent Moon" MUNECHIKA   National Treasure


Five Great Swords
NAGASA: 2 SHAKU 6.4 SUN 
SORI: 8.8 BU 
NAKAGO: 6.2 SUN
MOTO-HABA: 9.6 BU
SAKI-HABA: 4.6 BU

SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE TACHI. Width follows its great length until the tiny KO-KISSAKI gathers the JI. 
Lantern piece of the HEIAN era, the extended reach and closing arc hold a unique fame - beyond age and passing personages. The NAKAGO pulls sharply from the HABAKI-MOTO gifting dramatic subtlety to its round KOSHIZORI. 

Very fine KO-MOKUME and O-HADA under profuse JI-NIE. 

KO-NIE and NIOI-FUKASHI contrast deep blue steel where KO-NOTARE is pulled to the HA by faraway KO-GUNOME and KO-CHOJI rises. CHOJI-ASHI in the mid. Crescent-shaped UCHI-NOKE join floating NIJUBA and SANJUBA that stretch and  dot into distant Jiba clouds. 
This "Crescent-moon on the horizon" theme, along with the crescent-shaped SUGATA, inspired its name. 

KUICHIGAI ruptures the CHU-width BOSHI before a low KO-MARU turn. Here a smoky finger slips to the SAKI. 

KIJI-MOMO NAKAGO is MARU-MUNE with three MEKUGI-ANA, two filled. Hosts for many mountings. 

       Signed on the URA: SANJO




Sanjo Mune- Den Munechika - Kokuho

Sanjo Mune- Den Munechika - Kokuho
Nagasa: 78.8cm
Moto-Haba: 2.8cm


Shinogi-Tsukuri, Ihori-Mune, deeply curved to Ko-Kissaki.
Ura has raised Taka-Shinogi and a Koshi-Hi carved.
Robust Itame Hada with O-Hada with Ji-Nie of particular deep hue.
Hoso-Sugu Ko-Nie and Nioi-Fukashi Ko-Midare Ba.
Sugu KoMaru Boshi.
Ubu Kurijiri, three Mekugi-ana.

  Mune(x) Saku

YAMASHIRO SANJO School
YOSHIIYE KAN-KO (f: MUNECHIKA): It is popular with professionals,
        in all walks, to pipe a common Law School quote: If it
        looks like a duck, walks like a duck, talks like a duck  
                                                  ...IT'S A DUCK.

        Discussions of SANJO YOSHIIYE invariably include more 
        than casual reference to BIZEN ICHIMONJI YOSHIIYE. There 
        have been several YOSHIIYE swords passed as presentation 
        pieces from old families. However an important gesture, 
        the bestowed mantle of SANJO to younger swords, has left 
        an awkward posture for curators and more than one 
        historiographer. Often one reads  of the difficulty 
        accounting similarities between SANJO and ICHIMONJI 
        YOSHIIYE. Specimens with the YOSHIIYE MEI are a fairly 
        CHU-width CHOJI-MIDARE, GUNOME-MIDARE mix of KO-NIE and
        defined NIOI that show some DAI-BO rises in the mid and 
        lower. Of the signed swords accepted as KAN-KO SANJO 
        YOSHIIYE, I do not see HEIAN SUGATA. Note: The names, 
        SADACHIKA and YOSHISUKE are said to be other signatures. 
        See SANJO YOSHIIYE of KEN-RYAKU 1211.

        With YOSHIIYE - 2 questions:
                  -Is it HEIAN or KAMAKURA SUGATA?
                  -Is it YAMASHIRO or BIZEN?


CHIKAMURA CHO-KYU (f: MUNECHIKA):  Supposed adopted son or 
        student of YOSHIIYE. MOKUME HADA. KO-NIE DEKI HOSO-
        SUGUHA.
     CHIKAMURA


KANENAGA CHO-GEN (f: SANJO ARIKUNI): GOJO BOMON Gate. YATARO and 
        CHUJIRO. Made SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE, KOSHIZORI 
        TACHI in FUNBARI to KO-KISSAKI HEIAN SUGATA. KO-MOKUME 
        has JI-NIE. KO-NIE in NIOI KO-MIDARE BA  from  which  
        GUNOME and CHOJI rises stand up and parley. May have 
        subtle NIOI outlines of a failed HAMON in the JI, but the 
        balance of figures will be striking. KINSUJI walks the 
        HAMON and thread-like KINSUJI mark YAKIBA forms much like
        the many tiered stains on a reservoir wall. MEI: Above 
        the ANA, KANE is somewhat larger than NAGA.


KANETSUGU(1) EI-EN: SANJO smith. Work from EI-EN through EI-SHO
        1046. Died in 1050.

KANETSUGU(2) EI-SHO: GOJO Group. 

BUNKAZAI KANENAGA


NAGASA: 2 SHAKU 5.4 SUN
SORI: 8.5 BU
NAKAGO: 6.9 SUN
MOTO-HABA: 9.4 BU
SAKI-HABA: 5.6 BU

SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE, FUNBARI TACHI. Narrow bodied KOSHIZORI rises to a small KO-KISSAKI. 

Tight KO-MOKUME grips CHIKEI under JI-NIE. 

MURA KO-NIE in NIOI sketch a deflated KO-MIDARE floor from which remaining GUNOME and CHOJI boulders jut in lonely groups. KINSUJI etches multiple lines and faint JI-BA hint of absent CHOJI. 

HOSO-SUGU BOSHI hosts a NIJU ghost that whispers of a disappeared line. 

Excellently preserved UBU NAKAGO to a sharp HA-AGARI. 

Signed above the single ANA near the MUNE: 
                                             KANENAGA


YAMASHIRO SANJO School
KANEYASU EI-SHO (t: KANENAGA): KO-NIE FUKASHI KO-MIDARE BA 
with KINSUJI. KUNINAGA TEN-KI: Either brother or son of GOJO KANENAGA.
GOJO JU. Strong KOSHIZORI, KO-KISSAKI HEIAN style
TACHI SUGATA. Considered a framer of foundations - from
whence the AWATAGUCHI and RAI. KO-ITAME has JI-NIE.
KO-MIDARE BA with a soul to KO-CHOJI YAKIBA patterns.
KUNINAGA MEI will show interior radicals of the KUNI
character in three different forms.             /////ARTWORK///////// Three KUNIs       Identification falls to placing SUGATA in time. The works       of GOJO KUNINAGA will be HEIAN. As with any smith, school       superiors should be studied to focus one's understanding.       Know MUNECHIKA, KANENAGA and all SANJO members when
judging KUNINAGA MEI. KUNINAGA and KANENAGA used an old       style NAGA resembling SHI (SHIH - three-legged alter).        Signed pieces are extremely rare.
GYOBUTSU TSURU-MARU "The Crane" KUNINAGA        Imperial Property

Tsuru-maru Kuninaga
NAGASA: 2.6 SHAKU
SORI: 9 BU 

NAKAGO: 6 SUN
MOTO-HABA: 9 BU
SAKI-HABA: 5 BU

SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE, KOSHIZORI TACHI. HEIAN style FUNBARI draws a long tapering width onto a small KO-KISSAKI. The sweeping NAKAGO directs the dynamics of arc. 

KO-ITAME HADA holds CHIKEI under profuse JI-NIE that forms an UTSURI-like tension with the YAKIBA. 

CHU-SUGUHA presses a ceiling on the turmoil of the MONOUCHI but is raked apart as KINSUJI develops in the HA. KO-CHOJI of fine KO-NIE FUKASHI sobers through the mid where occasional SUNAGASHI straps figures with definition. Grouping forms but are quieted in the lower where a weak YAKIOTOSHI dives through a flare to the MACHI. 

A swell in the BOSHI is abraded of KUICHIGAI, MUNECHIKA style, before a KO-MARU turn. 

UBU KIJI-MOMO NAKAGO terminates to a small, flattened KURIJIRI. Signed above the single MEKUGI-ANA near the MUNE. An underlined X forms the abbreviation of his KUNI.




YAMASHIRO SANJO School
YOSHIIYE KEN-RYAKU: Kanko Yoshiiye, the son of Munechika 
There has been publishing discrepancies with    this name. Confusion with conflicting theories tie this    name with BIZEN ICHIMONJI YOSHIIYE. Swords have been     attributed to KAN-KO SANJO YOSHIIYE but are plainly     KAMAKURA SUGATA.     Explanations twist like noodles:            - His line moved to BIZEN, then moved back            - BIZEN line is descended from KAN-KO YOSHIIYE,                 but new KYO smith apprentices in BIZEN              - Mimic master - he copied BIZEN            - Styles so close, only his mother knows              - Time traveler, he really was KAN-KO YOSHIIYE    With YOSHIIYE MEI:            Is the piece KAMAKURA SUGATA?            Is the piece YAMASHIRO?    If a YOSHIIYE in question is BIZEN, see ICHIMONJI. If a     YOSHIIYE in question is HEIAN, see KAN-KO YOSHIIYE - and    phone somebody.     A competing YOSHIIYE will be KO-KISSAKI, FUNBARI,     KOSHIZORI or KAMAKURA-wide with IKUBI-like CHU-KISSAKI.     Thin veil of JI-NIE with strong JI-UTSURI. UTSURI line     may dance against the HAMON. NIE KO-MIDARE KO-CHOJI or    GUNOME, CHOJI mix with DAI-BO CHOJI rises. ICHIMONJI are    NIOI CHOJI with UTSURI. BIZEN steel. BIZEN BOSHI.     SANJO is YAMASHIRO with KO-NIE.     Note: Reference work offers three character MEI as being     YAMASHIRO and two character MEI, BIZEN.

 
Yoshiiye
 
Yoshiiye Saku

Yoshiiye
Supposed to be SANJO
-really ICHIMONJI 

































Sanjo Yoshiiye Tachi

Yoshiiye Tachi
Nagasa: 74.5cm
Sori: 2.3cm


A long possession of the Shimazu
Appears Hogen. Shinogi-tsukuri, Ihori-mune Tachi Sugata with elongated Ko-Kissaki.
Itame Hada has Utsuri.
Expected for Kantei of Sanjo Den Yoshiiye: Ko-Nie Deki of unevenly set Ko-Choji-Midare Ba. Becomes more pronounced in the mid.
Suriage Nakago has three Mekugi-ana, one very of several mounts.
Signed on the Ji, three character Mei.

          Yoshiiye Saku


YAMASHIRO SANJO School
________
IYETOSHI HO-GEN 1156 Same as TAMEYOSHI.

IYETOSHI HO-GEN: MOKUME HADA. NIE-DEKI HOSO-SUGUHA with KO-ASHI.


 ________         ________         ________     _______ _________
 SUKEMUNE         SANENARI         KANEYASU     IYEYASU SADACHIKA
HEI-JI 1159     EI-RYAKU 1160      KA-O 1169      - YO-WA 1181 -
                  _________           _________
                  YOSHIKUNI           HIROTSUGU
                 BUN-JI 1185         GEN-RYAKU ZEN

_________
CHIKAMURA KEN-KYU 1190

CHIKAMURA KEN-KYU:  Late HEIAN to early KAMAKURA SUGATA. KO-ITAME
        has JI-NIE. YAKIBA: KO-MIDARE KO-CHOJI BA pulls from 
        YAKIOTOSHI. BOSHI is NIE NIJU-SUGU. Two-character MEI.

 ________        _____________    _____________     _________
 SANEKUNI        GOJO KUNINAGA    GOJO SADANAGA     KANETSUGU
GEN-KYU 1204      KEN-PO 1213      KAN-KI 1229     BUN-RYAKU 1234
_________
CHIKANORI (possibly MUTSU)
  ____|__
  SHIGETO KEN-RYAKE 1211

________
KUNINORI KA-TEI 1235

KUNINORI KA-TEI: MOKUME with MASAME. NIE in NIOI SUGUHA with ASHI.

            ________ ________           ________
            SANEKIYO SUKETOMO           NORIMORI
             - KO-CHO 1261 -           KO-AN 1278
                                   Transferred to TAMBA

_______
MORIIYE RYAKU-O 1338

MORIIYE RYAKU-O: YATARO. Strong FUNBARI would be expected. ITAME.
        GUNOME and KO-CHOJI BA in KO-NIE. MIDARE KO-MARU BOSHI or
        HAKIKAKE. HA-AGARI with SUJIKAI YASURI. 

YAMASHIRO - Late SANJO School SANJO YOSHINORI - Late SANJO smiths are HEIANJO School. YOSHINORI                   swords  are to be attributed to smith by style                   as to time. See YAMASHIRO HEIANJO  - YOSHINORI.
SANJO YOSHINORI(1) O-CHO 1311
            |__________________________
  __________|____                  ____|____
  SANJO YOSHINORI(2) KEM-MU 1334   YOSHIHIRO GEN-TOKU 1329
  __________|____
  SANJO YOSHINORI(3) TEI-JI 1362 to EI-TOKU 1381 
            |_____________ _____________ ______________
  __________|____     ____|____     ____|_____     ____|____     
  SANJO YOSHINORI(4)  YOSHIMORI     YOSHITSUGU(1)  YOSHIHIRO  
              - O-EI 1394 -                - O-AN 1368 -     

YOSHINORI KEM-MU: SUGUHA with ASHI.

YOSHINORI EI-TOKU: Work starts in TEI-JI 1362.  Wide, thin bodied 
        MITSU-MUNE TANTO. A known SUGATA is HIRA-TSUKURI OMOTE 
        with SHINOGI-TSUKURI URA. HAMON is KO-NIE KO-NOTARE BA.
        NOTARE - KO-MARU BOSHI with deep turnback.  Late SANJO 
        line is associated to HEIANJO. See YAMASHIRO HEIANJO - 
        YOSHINORI line.

YOSHITSUGU(1) O-AN (t: NOBUKUNI, f: YOSHIHIRO): SANJO YOSHITSUGU. 
        YOSHINORI line smith apprenticed to NOBUKUNI. His work
        period runs to the O-EI. He and his line worked at the 
        gate of KURAMA-DERA Temple, KYOTO. MOKUME HADA. SUGUHA 
        and KO-MIDARE BA with ASHI. See HEIANJO - YOSHINORI.


_________ 
MUNECHIKA KEM-MU 1334 

MUNECHIKA KEM-MU: SANJO KOKAJI MUNECHIKA. GUNOME-MIDARE HA.


________            
KANEYASU KA-KEI 1387
Descendants to IWAMI


 ________ _________        _________         _________ _________
 NORISADA MUNECHIKA        YOSHIHISA         MUNETSUGU MUNEMITSU
   - O-EI 1394 -          EI-KYO 1429         - BUN-MEI 1469 -


Late SANJO smiths to HEIANJO. See HEIANJO. 
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